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Between the Catalan quagmire and the red spectre, Spain, November 1918-April 1919

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Between the Catalan quagmire and the red spectre, Spain, November 1918-April 1919. / Romero Salvado, F J.

In: Historical Journal, Vol. 60, No. 3, 09.2017, p. 795-815.

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@article{5d02b59fe028432b9f0b203d90551a7f,
title = "Between the Catalan quagmire and the red spectre, Spain, November 1918-April 1919",
abstract = "Drawing upon a vast array of primary sources, this article focuses on a key period of modern Spanish history: November 1918-April 1919. In the aftermath of WW1 and spurred on by the Allied victory, demands by Catalonia’s political elites for greater autonomy seized the country’s agenda. However, the political tussle between the centre and the Catalan elites ended a few months later with their mutual defeat. The upsurge of labour agitation and the hopes of the proletariat generated by the Bolshevik Revolution combined with bourgeois fear resulted in the question of national identity being superseded by bitter class conflict. This article conveys the thesis that these crucial months crystalized the organic crisis of the ruling liberal regime. Indeed, the outcome of these events proved its fragile foundations, dashed hopes for a reformist and negotiated solution and constituted a dress rehearsal for the military coup of 1923, a clear example of the reactionary backlash which swept across Europe in the interwar years.",
keywords = "Lliga Regionalista de Catalunya, Francesco Camb{\'o}, Autonomy, Count Romanones, Confederaci{\'o}n Nacional del Trabajo, Sindicato {\'U}nico, Canadiense, Confederaci{\'o}n Patronal Espa{\~n}ola",
author = "{Romero Salvado}, {F J}",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1017/S0018246X16000480",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "795--815",
journal = "Historical Journal",
issn = "0018-246X",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "3",

}

RIS - suitable for import to EndNote

TY - JOUR

T1 - Between the Catalan quagmire and the red spectre, Spain, November 1918-April 1919

AU - Romero Salvado, F J

PY - 2017/9

Y1 - 2017/9

N2 - Drawing upon a vast array of primary sources, this article focuses on a key period of modern Spanish history: November 1918-April 1919. In the aftermath of WW1 and spurred on by the Allied victory, demands by Catalonia’s political elites for greater autonomy seized the country’s agenda. However, the political tussle between the centre and the Catalan elites ended a few months later with their mutual defeat. The upsurge of labour agitation and the hopes of the proletariat generated by the Bolshevik Revolution combined with bourgeois fear resulted in the question of national identity being superseded by bitter class conflict. This article conveys the thesis that these crucial months crystalized the organic crisis of the ruling liberal regime. Indeed, the outcome of these events proved its fragile foundations, dashed hopes for a reformist and negotiated solution and constituted a dress rehearsal for the military coup of 1923, a clear example of the reactionary backlash which swept across Europe in the interwar years.

AB - Drawing upon a vast array of primary sources, this article focuses on a key period of modern Spanish history: November 1918-April 1919. In the aftermath of WW1 and spurred on by the Allied victory, demands by Catalonia’s political elites for greater autonomy seized the country’s agenda. However, the political tussle between the centre and the Catalan elites ended a few months later with their mutual defeat. The upsurge of labour agitation and the hopes of the proletariat generated by the Bolshevik Revolution combined with bourgeois fear resulted in the question of national identity being superseded by bitter class conflict. This article conveys the thesis that these crucial months crystalized the organic crisis of the ruling liberal regime. Indeed, the outcome of these events proved its fragile foundations, dashed hopes for a reformist and negotiated solution and constituted a dress rehearsal for the military coup of 1923, a clear example of the reactionary backlash which swept across Europe in the interwar years.

KW - Lliga Regionalista de Catalunya

KW - Francesco Cambó

KW - Autonomy

KW - Count Romanones

KW - Confederación Nacional del Trabajo

KW - Sindicato Único

KW - Canadiense

KW - Confederación Patronal Española

U2 - 10.1017/S0018246X16000480

DO - 10.1017/S0018246X16000480

M3 - Article

VL - 60

SP - 795

EP - 815

JO - Historical Journal

JF - Historical Journal

SN - 0018-246X

IS - 3

ER -