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Beyond the Fragment: postoperaismo, postcapitalism and Marx’s ‘Notes on machines’, 45 years on

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-345
Number of pages23
JournalEconomy and Society
Issue number3-4
Early online date15 Dec 2017
DateAccepted/In press - 18 Oct 2017
DateE-pub ahead of print - 15 Dec 2017
DatePublished (current) - 2 Feb 2018


2017 marks 45 years since the first English publication of Marx’s ‘Notes on Machines’ in Economy & Society. This paper critiques how Marx’s ‘Fragment’ has subsequently been repurposed in postoperaist thought, and how this wields influence on contemporary left thinking via the work of Paul Mason. Changes in labour lead proponents to posit a ‘crisis of measurability’ and an incipient communism. I use the New Reading of Marx, which picks up where debates in Economy & Society in the seventies left off, to dispute this. Based on an analysis of value as a social form undergirded in antagonistic social relations, I argue the Fragment’s reception runs contrary to Marx’s critique of political economy as a critical theory of society, with implications for left praxis today.

    Structured keywords

  • Digital Societies

    Research areas

  • Marx, Postcapitalism, Postoperaismo, Value, Labour, Negri, Capitalism, Labour Party, Corbynism, Work, New Economy

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