The question whether bilingualism conveys a broader advantage in executive functions has recently been controversially discussed, with the empirical findings presenting a complex pattern of positive and null results. Here we present results from three standard tasks measuring executive functions (Flanker; Simon; Spatial Stroop) in which we compared performance of English monolingual to Chinese-English bilingual young adults. Participants provided responses via movement of a computer mouse rather than the conventional key presses, which provides a rich signal of the unfolding response dynamics. Clear differences between bi- and monolinguals emerged, with the former providing more “efficient” responses than the latter. Results are discussed regarding the extent to which these results can be characterised as a genuine “bilingual advantage”.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Bilingualism: Language and Cognition|
|Early online date||2 Aug 2018|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 2 Aug 2018|
- Cognitive Science
- Executive functions
- Mouse tracking
- Simon task
- Flanker task
- Spatial Stroop task
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Professor Markus F Damian
- School of Psychological Science - Professor of Psychology of Language
- Bristol Neuroscience
Person: Academic , Member