Bilinguals as “experts”? Comparing performance of mono- to bilingual individuals via a mousetracking paradigm

Markus Damian, Wenting Ye, Minah Oh, Sian Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

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Abstract

The question whether bilingualism conveys a broader advantage in executive functions has recently been controversially discussed, with the empirical findings presenting a complex pattern of positive and null results. Here we present results from three standard tasks measuring executive functions (Flanker; Simon; Spatial Stroop) in which we compared performance of English monolingual to Chinese-English bilingual young adults. Participants provided responses via movement of a computer mouse rather than the conventional key presses, which provides a rich signal of the unfolding response dynamics. Clear differences between bi- and monolinguals emerged, with the former providing more “efficient” responses than the latter. Results are discussed regarding the extent to which these results can be characterised as a genuine “bilingual advantage”.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages18
JournalBilingualism: Language and Cognition
Early online date2 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Aug 2018

Structured keywords

  • Language
  • Cognitive Science

Keywords

  • Bilingualism
  • Executive functions
  • Mouse tracking
  • Simon task
  • Flanker task
  • Spatial Stroop task

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