Biomarkers for Terrestrial Plants and Climate

K. H. Freeman*, R. D. Pancost

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

82 Citations (Scopus)


Long-chain n-alkyl compounds are major components of epicuticular waxes from the leaves of vascular plants. These compounds include n-alkanes, n-alkanols, n-alkanoic acids, and wax esters and are associated with cuticle, a multilayered structure on the exterior of leaves and fruits. Cuticle has multiple functions that include a primary role protecting against moisture loss. It also provides exterior strength and stiffness and these properties can vary with composition and environmental conditions, such as temperature and humidity.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTreatise on Geochemistry: Second Edition
PublisherJAI-Elsevier Science Inc
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)9780080983004
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2013


  • Carbon isotope signatures
  • Higher plants biomarkers
  • Lipid-leaf fractionation factors
  • Soil and lake microbial lipids
  • Terrestrial paleoclimate


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