Biomass energy in western Europe to 2050

DO HALL*, Joanna Isobel House

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Presently biomass energy supplies at least 2 EJ/yr (47 Mtoe) in OECD Europe, which is about 4% of total primary energy consumption (54.1 EJ). Estimates of the potential for bioenergy in the next century range from 2 to 20 EJ/yr. This paper estimates a potential of 9.0-13.5 EJ in 2050, which represents 17-30% of projected total energy requirements. This depends on assumptions of available land areas, achievable yields and the amount of recoverable residues utilized. Greater environmental and net energy benefits can be derived from perennial and woody energy crops compared to annual arable crops as alternative feedstocks for fossil fuels. The relative contribution of biofuels in the future will ultimately depend on markets and incentives, on R&D progress and on environmental requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-48
Number of pages12
JournalLand Use Policy
Volume12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1995

Keywords

  • CARBON
  • TECHNOLOGIES
  • ELECTRICITY
  • BIOENERGY
  • OPTIONS
  • FUTURE
  • TREES

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