Bone Marrow-Derived Stem Cells: A Mixed Blessing in the Multifaceted World of Diabetic Complications

Giuseppe Mangialardi, Paolo Madeddu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
335 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Diabetes is one of the main economic burdens in health care, which threatens to worsen dramatically if prevalence forecasts are correct. What makes diabetes harmful is the multi-organ distribution of its microvascular and macrovascular complications. Regenerative medicine with cellular therapy could be the dam against life-threatening or life-altering complications. Bone marrow-derived stem cells are putative candidates to achieve this goal. Unfortunately, the bone marrow itself is affected by diabetes, as it can develop a microangiopathy and neuropathy similar to other body tissues. Neuropathy leads to impaired stem cell mobilization from marrow, the so-called mobilopathy. Here, we review the role of bone marrow-derived stem cells in diabetes: how they are affected by compromised bone marrow integrity, how they contribute to other diabetic complications, and how they can be used as a treatment for these. Eventually, we suggest new tactics to optimize stem cell therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number43
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent diabetes reports
Volume16
Issue number5
Early online date30 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016

Keywords

  • Bone marrow
  • Cell regenerative therapy
  • Diabetes
  • Diabetic complications
  • Microangiopathy
  • Stem cells

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