Boninite and harzburgite from Leg 125 (Bonin-Mariana Forearc): a case study of magma genesis during the initial stages of subduction

J. A. Pearce, Ian J Parkinson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

390 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Holes drilled into the volcanic and ultrabasic basement of the Izu-Ogasawara and Mariana forearc terranes during Leg 125 provide data on some of the earliest lithosphere created after the start of Eocene subduction in the western Pacific. The volcanic basement contains three boninite series and one tholeiite series. All four groups can be explained by remelting above a subduction zone of oceanic mantle lithosphere that has been depleted by its previous episode of partial melting at an ocean ridge. The average boninite source had lost 10-15 wt% of melt at the ridge before undergoing further melting (5-10%) shortly after subduction started. The composition of the harzburgite indicates that it underwent a total of about 25% melting with respect to a fertile MORB mantle. The subduction component has characteristics that fit a trondhjemitic melt from slab fusion in amphibolite facies. The resulting metasomatized mantle may have contained about 0.15 wt% water. Thermal constraints require that both subducted lithosphere and overlying oceanic lithosphere of the mantle wedge be very young at the time of boninite genesis. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProc., scientific results, ODP, Leg 125, Bonin/Mariana region
EditorsP. Fryer, J.A. Pearce
PublisherODP, Texas A&M University, College Station
Pages623-662
Number of pages40
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1992

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Boninite and harzburgite from Leg 125 (Bonin-Mariana Forearc): a case study of magma genesis during the initial stages of subduction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this