Bosonic Confinement and Coherence in Disordered Nanodiamond Arrays

Gufei Zhang*, Tomas Samuely, Hongchu Du, Zheng Xu, Liwang Liu, Oleksandr Onufriienko, Paul W. May, Johan Vanacken, Pavol Szabó, Jozef Kačmarčík, Haifeng Yuan, Peter Samuely, Rafal E. Dunin-Borkowski, Johan Hofkens, Victor V. Moshchalkov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the presence of disorder, superconductivity exhibits short-range characteristics linked to localized Cooper pairs which are responsible for anomalous phase transitions and the emergence of quantum states such as the bosonic insulating state. Complementary to well-studied homogeneously disordered superconductors, superconductor-normal hybrid arrays provide tunable realizations of the degree of granular disorder for studying anomalous quantum phase transitions. Here, we investigate the superconductor-bosonic dirty metal transition in disordered nanodiamond arrays as a function of the dispersion of intergrain spacing, which ranges from angstroms to micrometers. By monitoring the evolved superconducting gaps and diminished coherence peaks in the single-quasiparticle density of states, we link the destruction of the superconducting state and the emergence of bosonic dirty metallic state to breaking of the global phase coherence and persistence of the localized Cooper pairs. The observed resistive bosonic phase transitions are well modeled using a series-parallel circuit in the framework of bosonic confinement and coherence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11746-11754
Number of pages9
JournalACS Nano
Volume11
Issue number11
Early online date10 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • nanodiamond
  • amorphous carbon
  • disordered hybrid arrays
  • confinement and coherence
  • superconducting order parameter

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