Bottom-Water Conditions in a Marine Basin after the Cretaceous–Paleogene Impact Event: Timing the Recovery of Oxygen Levels and Productivity

Claudia Sosa Montes De Oca, Francisca Martínez-Ruiz, Francisco Javier Rodriguez-Tovar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

An ultra-high-resolution analysis of major and trace element contents from the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary interval in
the Caravaca section, southeast Spain, reveals a quick recovery of depositional conditions after the impact event.
Enrichment/depletion profiles of redox sensitive elements indicate significant geochemical anomalies just within the
boundary ejecta layer, supporting an instantaneous recovery –some 102 years– of pre-impact conditions in terms of
oxygenation. Geochemical redox proxies point to oxygen levels comparable to those at the end of the Cretaceous shortly
after impact, which is further evidenced by the contemporary macrobenthic colonization of opportunistic tracemakers.
Recovery of the oxygen conditions was therefore several orders shorter than traditional proposals (104–105 years),
suggesting a probable rapid recovery of deep-sea ecosystems at bottom and in intermediate waters.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary
  • Caravaca section
  • Redox proxies
  • Productivity

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