Brief Exercise Counseling and High-Intensity Interval Training on Physical Activity Adherence and Cardiometabolic Health in Individuals at Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial

Jessica Bourne, Jonathan Little, M Beauchamp, Julianne Barry, Joel Singer, Mary Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
165 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Worldwide incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is rapidly increasing. Given the numerous negative health consequences associated with T2D, prevention of this disease has become a priority. Lifestyle changes, including regular exercise, can reduce the onset of T2D in those at elevated risk. However, long-term adherence to exercise is often poor in this population. Existing lifestyle interventions targeting exercise are labor intensive and costly for staff and participants. Evidence-informed counseling delivered in a manner that reduces dependence on staff and facilitates self-regulatory skills could alleviate time and financial barriers while promoting independent exercise.
Objective: This protocol outlines the design, recruitment, and proposed analysis of a brief, 2-week evidence-informed exercise counseling intervention combined with either high-intensity interval training (HIIT) or traditional moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT).
Methods: Small Steps for Big Changes is a 2-arm randomized controlled trial that will examine the effectiveness of combining brief exercise counseling with HIIT or MICT on adherence to moderate and vigorous exercise over 1 year. Cardiorespiratory fitness will be assessed at baseline, post intervention (2 weeks), and at 6- and 12-month follow-up. Physical activity behavior will be examined at baseline, post intervention, and 3-, 6-, 9-, and 12-month follow-up. The impact of the intervention on psychosocial outcomes pertinent to exercise adherence will be examined.
Results: Data collection was complete in March 2017. Data analysis is currently under and the first results are expected to be submitted for publication in 2019.
Conclusions: The results of this brief intervention have the potential to inform future public health efforts designed to increase exercise in individuals at risk of T2D.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere11226
Number of pages15
JournalJMIR Research Protocols
Volume8
Issue number3
Early online date1 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • exercise
  • type 2 diabetes
  • high-intensity interval training
  • prediabetes

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