Bulk, surface and gas-phase limited water transport in aerosol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The influence of solute species on mass transfer to and from aqueous aerosol droplets is investigated using an electrodynamic balance coupled with light scattering techniques. In particular, we explore the limitations imposed on water evaporation by slow bulk phase diffusion and by the formation of surface organic films. Measurements of evaporation from ionic salt solutions, specifically sodium chloride and ammonium sulfate, are compared with predictions from an analytical model framework, highlighting the uncertainties associated with quantifying gas diffusional transport. The influence of low solubility organic acids on mass transfer is reported and compared to both model predictions and previous work. The limiting value of the evaporation coefficient that can be resolved by this approach, when uncertainties in key thermophysical quantities are accounted for, is estimated. The limitation of slow bulk phase diffusion on the evaporation rate is investigated for gel and glass states formed during the evaporation of magnesium sulfate and sucrose droplets, respectively. Finally, the effect of surfactants on evaporation has been probed, with soluble surfactants (such as sodium dodecyl sulfate) leading to little or no retardation of evaporation through slowing of surface layer kinetics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10987-10998
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume116
Issue number45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2012

Keywords

  • SODIUM DODECYL-SULFATE
  • HYGROSCOPICITY MODEL FRAMEWORK
  • LOW RELATIVE-HUMIDITY
  • THERMAL ACCOMMODATION
  • KINETIC LIMITATIONS
  • MASS ACCOMMODATION
  • AMMONIUM-SULFATE
  • CHLORIDE AEROSOL
  • LIGHT-SCATTERING
  • GLASSY AEROSOL

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