C-reactive protein levels and body mass index: elucidating direction of causation through reciprocal Mendelian randomization

NJ Timpson, BG Nordestgaard, RM Harbord, J Zacho, TM Frayling, A Tybjærg-Hansen, G Davey Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

132 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: The assignment of direction and causality within networks of observational associations is problematic outside randomized control trials, and the presence of a causal relationship between body mass index (BMI) and C-reactive protein (CRP) is disputed. Objective: Using reciprocal Mendelian randomization, we aim to assess the direction of causality in relationships between BMI and CRP and to demonstrate this as a promising analytical technique. Participants and methods: The study was based on a large, cross-sectional European study from Copenhagen, Denmark. Genetic associates of BMI (FTO(rs9939609)) and circulating CRP (CRP(rs3091244)) have been used to reexamine observational associations between them. Results: Observational analyses showed a strong, positive association between circulating CRP and BMI (change in BMI for a doubling in logCRP of 1.03 kg m−2 (95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.00, 1.07), P
Translated title of the contributionC-reactive protein levels and body mass index: elucidating direction of causation through reciprocal Mendelian randomization
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300 - 308
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'C-reactive protein levels and body mass index: elucidating direction of causation through reciprocal Mendelian randomization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this