Ryanodine receptor (RyR)-gated Ca2+ stores have recently been identified in cochlear spiral ganglion neurons (SGN) and likely contribute to Ca2+ signalling associated with auditory neurotransmission. Here, we identify an ionotropic glutamate receptor signal transduction pathway which invokes RyR-gated Ca2+ stores in SGN via Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR). Ca2+ levels were recorded in SGN in situ within rat cochlear slices (postnatal day 0-17) using the Ca2+ indicator fluo-4. RyR-gated Ca2+ stores were confirmed by caffeine-induced increases in intracellular Ca2+ which were blocked by ryanodine (100 microM) and were independent of external Ca2+. Glutamate evoked comparable increases in intracellular Ca2+, but required the presence of external Ca2+. Ca2+ influx via the glutamate receptor was found to elicit CICR via RyR-gated Ca2+ stores, as shown by the inhibition of the response by prior depletion of the Ca2+ stores with caffeine, the SERCA inhibitor thapsigargin, or ryanodine. The glutamate analogue AMPA (alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid) elicited Ca2+ responses that could be inhibited by caffeine. Glutamate- and AMPA-mediated Ca2+ responses were eliminated with the AMPA/Kainate receptor antagonist DNQX (6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione). These data demonstrate functional coupling between somatic AMPA-type glutamate receptors and intracellular Ca(2+) stores via RyR-dependent CICR in primary auditory neurons.
|Translated title of the contribution||Ca2+ entry via AMPA-type glutamate receptors triggers Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release from ryanodine receptors in rat spiral ganglion neurons|
|Pages (from-to)||356 - 366|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2008|