Calmodulin regulates human ether à Go-Go 1 (hEAG1) potassium channels through interactions of the Eag domain with the cyclic nucleotide binding homology domain

Eva Lörinczi, Matthew V Helliwell, Alina Finch, Phillip J. Stansfeld, Noel W. Davies, Martyn Mahaut-Smith, Frederick W. Muskett, John S. Mitcheson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
261 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The ether à go-go family of voltage-gated potassium channels is structurally distinct. The N terminus contains an eag domain (eagD) that contains a Per-Arnt-Sim (PAS) domain that is preceded by a conserved sequence of 25-27 amino acids known as the PAS-cap. The C terminus contains a region with homology to cyclic nucleotide binding domains (cNBHD), which is directly linked to the channel pore. The human EAG1 (hEAG1) channel is remarkably sensitive to inhibition by intracellular calcium (Ca2+ i) through binding of Ca2+-calmodulin to three sites adjacent to the eagD and cNBHD. Here, we show that the eagD and cNBHD interact to modulate Ca2+-calmodulin as well as voltagedependent gating. Sustained elevation of Ca2+ i resulted in an initial profound inhibition of hEAG1 currents, which was followed by a phase when current amplitudes partially recovered, but activation gating was slowed and shifted to depolarized potentials. Deletion of either the eagD or cNBHD abolished the inhibition by Ca2+ i. However, deletion of just the PAS-cap resulted in a >15-fold potentiation in response to elevated Ca2+ i. Mutations of residues at the interface between the eagD and cNBHD have been linked to human cancer. Glu-600 on the cNBHD, when substituted with residues with a larger volume, resulted in hEAG1 currents that were profoundly potentiated by Ca2+ i in a manner similar to the +PAS-cap mutant. These findings provide the first evidence that eagD and cNBHD interactions are regulating Ca2+-dependent gating and indicate that the binding of the PAS-cap with the cNBHD is required for the closure of the channels upon CaM binding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17907-17918
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume291
Issue number34
Early online date20 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2016

Keywords

  • calcium imaging
  • calmodulin (CaM)
  • electrophysiology
  • gating
  • potassium channel

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