Carbonyl(center dot center dot center dot)carbonyl interactions in first-row transition metal complexes

Hazel A. Sparkes*, Paul R. Raithby, Eric Clot, Gregory P. Shields, James A. Chisholm, Frank H. Allen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbonyl. carbonyl interactions involving Tr-C=O moieties (Tr = first-row transition element) have been studied using crystal structure data retrieved from the Cambridge Structural Database and by use of DFT calculations. By comparison with organic ketones, Tr-C=O systems show an increased tendency to form close CO center dot center dot center dot CO interactions, with 45% of these forming pairwise interactions in a sheared antiparallel dimer motif and 55% having a perpendicular ( single interaction) geometry. The bulky Tr and steric hindrance arising from other ligands at Tr play a significant role in the formation and geometry of the interactions. DFT calculations for the antiparallel dimer indicate that interaction energies for Tr-C=O systems are slightly stronger than for organic ketones, and there is evidence of a stronger C=O bond dipole in Tr-C=O systems. With interaction energies comparable to those for medium strength hydrogen bonds, we conclude that CO center dot center dot center dot CO interactions in Tr-C=O species may have a role to play in the design of novel carbonyl-containing inorganic and metal-organic structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-570
Number of pages8
JournalCrystEngComm
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • CAMBRIDGE STRUCTURAL DATABASE
  • CARBONYL-CARBONYL INTERACTIONS
  • MAIN-CHAIN ATOMS
  • INTERMOLECULAR INTERACTIONS
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURES
  • ENERGIES
  • APPROXIMATION
  • CONFORMATIONS
  • CHEMISTRY
  • STABILIZE

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