Survival following cardiac arrest depends on early recognition and effective treatment with high-quality chest compressions with minimal interruption, ventilation, treatment of reversible causes, and defibrillation if appropriate. Successfully resuscitated patients can develop a 'SIRS-like' post-cardiac arrest syndrome. Post-cardiac arrest care includes coronary reperfusion, control of oxygenation and ventilation, circulatory support, glucose control, treatment of seizures, and therapeutic hypothermia. Prognostication in comatose survivors is challenging. Approximately one-third of cardiac arrest survivors admitted to intensive care are discharged home.
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- cardiac arrest
- cardiopulmonary resuscitation
- post-resuscitation care
- pulseless electrical activity
- ventricular fibrillation