Carrier-based Closed-loop DC-link Voltage Balancing Algorithm for Four Level NPC Converters based on Redundant Level Modulation

Jun Wang, Xibo Yuan*, Bosen Jin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

26 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Four-level neutral-point-clamped (NPC) multilevel converter topologies have been proposed and actively studied for low/medium voltage applications. As an inherent issue with these topologies, the voltage balancing of dc-link capacitors is challenging, especially when it operates as a single-end inverter/rectifier with high power factors and high modulation indexes. This paper proposes a closed-loop voltage balancing algorithm that is effective and simple to implement with regular level-shifter carriers for a four-level NPC converter, e.g. a π-type converter. This approach is based on the Redundant Level Modulation (RLM), which utilizes one additional voltage level in one switching cycle to gain extra controllability of the capacitor voltages without distorting/undermining the fundamental-frequency output voltage. An algorithm based on analytical expressions and logical operations is developed to achieve a dynamic closed-loop voltage balancing with RLM. The proposed method is effective over the full span of linear modulation indexes (M = 0 ~ 1.15) and power factors. The proposed algorithm is validated and evaluated in both simulations and experiments.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Early online date24 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • neutral point clamped
  • redundant level modulation
  • voltage balancing
  • multilevel converter
  • pulse width modulated power converters
  • pulse width modulation (PWM)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Carrier-based Closed-loop DC-link Voltage Balancing Algorithm for Four Level NPC Converters based on Redundant Level Modulation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this