The methods presented in chapter 3 are applied here to specific case-studies, involving bridges with different length and configuration. The chapter starts with a critical discussion of the basic parameters that influence the applicability of pushover methods. Then, a number of case-studies are presented in a rather uniform and detailed way; they were selected among those available with a view to including at least one application of each category of methods described in the previous chapter and (wherever feasible) to applying two or more 'simplified' methods to the same bridge structure. In addition to a number of pushover analyses, all case-studies include also response-history analysis of the inelastic response of the bridge, which serves as a reference for evaluating the results of the various approximate (static) procedures. In the case studies, in addition to the four pushover methods described in detail in Chapter 3, some other variants of the key approaches are also used and comparatively evaluated, so that at the end a more global picture of practically all analysis and assessment techniques available for bridges is provided. To allow for an even broader view on the issues involved and put the purely analytical methods into the proper perspective, the final section of chapter 4 presents an experimental evaluation of analytical methods, i.e. results from analytical methods (response-history, as well as pushover) are compared with those from the shaking table testing (using three shaking tables) of a 1:4 scale bridge model.