Case study: costs of Culicoides-borne arboviral diseases

Helen Roberts, Emily Nixon, Matt Clemens

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book


The costs of control for veterinary vector borne diseases can fall to government, industry or a combination of both. Cost effectiveness and cost benefit analyses frameworks can help governments to take decisions on intervention but uncertainty can lead to ambiguity. This chapter concentrates on the type of issues which arise with viral diseases such as bluetongue, Schmallenberg and African horse sickness; comparing the different approaches with regards to the best prevention and control measures available and where the economic costs make government intervention beneficial for society. All three diseases are transmitted by Culicoides biting midge species, are challenging to control because of their large population sizes and diversity of breeding sites. The diseases are caused by viruses which can reassort and in some cases appear in multiple serotypes with limited cross-protection following infection. The diseases which these viruses cause are variable in terms of species affected, age of animal affected and clinical signs observed. What is common for all three is that they can rapidly spread in a naïve population and that as notifiable exotic diseases, they may have a high impact on the ability of an affected country to trade in susceptible animals and their products, requiring government to take action.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPests and vector-borne diseases in the livestock industry
EditorsClaire Garros, Jérémy Bouyer, Willem Takken, Renate Smallegange
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen Academic Publishers
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)978-90-8686-863-6
ISBN (Print)978-90-8686-315-0
Publication statusPublished - 22 Aug 2018

Publication series

NameEcology and Control of Vector-borne diseases


  • arbovirus
  • bluetongue
  • economics
  • Schmallenberg
  • Disease control


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