Catalytic cyclopropanation of electron deficient alkenes mediated by chiral and achiral sulfides: scope and limitations in reactions involving phenyldiazomethane and ethyl diazoacetate

VK Aggarwal*, Helen W Smith, George Hynd, Ray VH Jones, Robin Fieldhouse, Sharon E Spey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phenyldiazomethane reacts with electron deficient alkenes in the presence of catalytic amounts of transition metal catalyst [Rh-2(OAc)(4) was better than Cu(acac)(2)] and catalytic amounts of sulfide to give cyclopropanes. Pentamethylene sulfide was found to be superior to tetrahydrothiophene and the optimum solvent was toluene. Under these optimised conditions a range of enones were cyclopropanated in high yields. Cyclic enones and acrylates were not successful in this process. The use of the chiral 1,3-oxathiane derived from camphorsulfonyl chloride in 2 steps in this process furnished cyclopropanes in good yield and very high enantiomeric excess (>97% ee). The absolute stereochemistry of cyclopropane 10 was proven by X-ray analysis and the origin of the stereochemical induction has been rationalised. Extension of this work to include diazoesters was partially successful. Again pentamethylene sulfide was found to be superior to tetrahydrothiophene, but this time both Rh-2(OAc)(4) and Cu(acac)(2) were found to be equally effective. Enones, fumarates and unsaturated nitro compounds worked well but simple acrylates and unsaturated aldehydes were not effective substrates. Control experiments were conducted in which the stabilised ylide was isolated and reacted with the less successful substrates and, whilst unsaturated aldehydes still gave low yields, simple acrylates gave high yields of the corresponding cyclopropane. The use of the chiral 1,3-oxathiane was not successful with these more stable diazo compounds.

Translated title of the contributionCatalytic cyclopropanation of electron deficient alkenes mediated by chiral and achiral sulfides: scope and limitations in reactions involving phenyldiazomethane and ethyl diazoacetate
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3267-3276
Number of pages10
JournalPerkin 1
Volume2000
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • METAL CARBENE TRANSFORMATIONS
  • OPTICALLY-ACTIVE BIPYRIDINE
  • ASYMMETRIC CYCLOPROPANATION
  • ENANTIOSELECTIVE CYCLOPROPANATION
  • DIAZO-COMPOUNDS
  • SULFUR YLIDES
  • INTRAMOLECULAR CYCLOPROPANATIONS
  • STEREOSELECTIVE SYNTHESIS
  • RHODIUM(II) CARBOXAMIDES
  • CARBONYL-COMPOUNDS

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