Background Cataract surgery is the most frequently undertaken NHS surgical procedure. Visual acuity (VA) provides a poor indication of visual difficulty in a complex visual world. In the absence of a suitable outcome metric, recent efforts have been directed towards the development of a cataract patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) of sufficient brevity, precision, and responsiveness to be implementable in routine high volume clinical services.Aim To compare and contrast the two most promising candidate PROMs for routine cataract surgery.Method The psychometric performance and patient acceptability of the recently UK developed five-item Cat-PROM5 questionnaire was compared with the English translation of the Swedish nine-item Catquest-9SF using Rasch-based performance metrics and qualitative semistructured interviews.Results Rasch-based performance was assessed in 822 typical NHS cataract surgery patients across four centres in England. Both questionnaires demonstrated good to excellent performance for all metrics assessed, including Person Reliability Indices of 0.90 (Cat-PROM5) and 0.88 (Catquest-9SF), responsiveness to surgery (Cohen's standardized effect size) of 1.45 SD (Cat-PROM5) and 1.47 SD (Catquest-9SF) and they were highly correlated with each other (R=0.85). Qualitative assessments confirmed that both questionnaires were acceptable to patients, including in the presence of ocular comorbidities. Preferences were expressed for the shorter Cat-PROM5, which allowed patients to map their own issues to the questions as opposed to the more restrictive specific scenarios of Catquest-9SF.Conclusion The recently UK developed Cat-PROM5 cataract surgery questionnaire is shorter, with performance and patient acceptability at least as good or better than the previous 'best of class' Catquest-9SF instrument.
- Centre for Surgical Research
- Cataract surgery
- Patient reported outcome measure
- Rasch analysis