Cationic surfactants modulate aqueous micellization and wetting on PTFE by Triton X-100: Effect of alkyl chainlength, headgroup and counterion

K. Thakkar, B. Bharatiya*, D. Ray, V. K. Aswal, P. Bahadur

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Micellization of several cationic surfactants in aqueous solution and their adsorption characteristics on polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) surface were studied using scattering and wettability methods. The obtained results indicate that the micelle size/shape and wettability depended on the hydrophobicity of alkyl chain and counterion of surfactants. Effect of these cationic surfactants varying in alkyl chain length, polar head groups and counterions on nonionic surfactant Triton X-100 (TX-100) solution behaviour was investigated by cloud point (CP), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and small angle neutron scattering (SANS). TX-100 solutions showed marked increase in CP and progressive decrease in micellar size depending on hydrophobicity of alkyl chain length and counterion, but interestingly different polar head groups demonstrated identical effect on TX-100. However, the solution behaviour of TX-100/cationic surfactant mixed system was different in the presence of salt. The results are discussed considering charged mixed micelle in TX-100-cationic surfactant system, which are highly useful to alter performance based properties of TX-100.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-143
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Molecular Liquids
Volume241
Early online date2 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Cationic surfactants
  • Number density of micelles
  • Triton X-100
  • Wettability

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