Cave bears (Ursus spelaeus) from the Pestera cu Oase (Banat, Romania): Paleobiology and taphonomy

Jerome Quiles, Catalin Petrea, Oana Moldovan, Joao Zilhao, Ricardo Rodrigo, Helene Rougier, Silviu Constantin, Stefan Milota, Mircea Gherase, Laurentiu Sarcina, Erik Trinkaus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 2002 discovery of the earliest European modem humans in the Pestera cu Oase (Romania) has led to systematic excavations of a bone bed (two levels), containing principally the remains of cave bears (ca. 5000 bones) and dated between 50 and 40 ka cal BP. The thanatocenosis corresponds mainly to a subadult and adult male utilization of the cavity. Levels I and 2 are distinguishable by different conservation processes demonstrating respectively low- and high-energy hydraulic transports. The heavy component of cannibalism may indicate bone processing for trace elements and/or a more omnivorous diet than is usually ascribed to cave bears.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)927-934
Number of pages8
JournalComptes Rendus Palevol
Volume5
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

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