Challenges and pitfalls in the characterization of anonymous outlier AFLP markers in non-model species: lessons from an ocellated lizard genome scan

V. L. Nunes*, M. A. Beaumont, R. K. Butlin, O. S. Paulo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the last few years, dozens of studies have documented the detection of loci influenced by selection from genome scans in a wide range of non-model species. Many of those studies used amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers, which became popular for being easily applicable to any organism. However, because they are anonymous markers, AFLPs impose many challenges for their isolation and identification. Most recent AFLP genome scans used capillary electrophoresis (CE), which adds even more obstacles to the isolation of bands with a specific size for sequencing. These caveats might explain the extremely low number of studies that moved from the detection of outlier AFLP markers to their actual isolation and characterization. We document our efforts to characterize a set of outlier AFLP markers from a previous genome scan with CE in ocellated lizards (Lacerta lepida). Seven outliers were successfully isolated, cloned and sequenced. Their sequences are noncoding and show internal indels or polymorphic repetitive elements (microsatellites). Three outliers were converted into codominant markers by using specific internal primers to sequence and screen population variability from undigested DNA. Amplification in closely related lizard species was also achieved, revealing remarkable interspecific conservation in outlier loci sequences. We stress the importance of following up AFLP genome scans to validate selection signatures of outlier loci, but also report the main challenges and pitfalls that may be faced during the process. Heredity (2012) 109, 340-348; doi: 10.1038/hdy.2012.48; published online 15 August 2012

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)340-348
Number of pages9
JournalHeredity
Volume109
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • GENES
  • STATISTICAL-METHOD
  • AFLP sequence
  • CODOMINANT MARKERS
  • POLYMORPHISM
  • DIVERGENT SELECTION
  • CANDIDATE LOCI
  • selection
  • ADAPTATION
  • POPULATION-STRUCTURE
  • capillary electrophoresis
  • LACERTA-LEPIDA
  • dominant markers
  • CONVERSION
  • outlier's validation

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