Chandra measurements of the X-ray core and cluster of 3C 220.1

DM Worrall*, M Birkinshaw, MJ Hardcastle, CR Lawrence

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


We report results of an 18-ks exposure with the ACIS instrument on Chandra of the powerful z = 0.62 radio galaxy 3C 220.1. The X-ray emission separates into cluster gas of emission-weighted kT similar to 5 keV, 0.7-12 keV luminosity (to a radius of 45 arcsec) of 5.6 x 10(44) erg s(-1) and unresolved emission (coincident with the radio core). while the extended X-ray emission is clearly thermal in nature, a straightforward cooling-flow model, even in conjunction with a point-source component, is a poor fit to the radial profile of the X-ray emission. This is despite the fact that the measured properties of the gas suggest a massive cooling flow of similar to 130 M-. yr(-1), and the data show weak evidence for a temperature gradient. The central unresolved X-ray emission has a power-law spectral energy index alpha similar to 0.7 and 0.7-12 keV luminosity of 10(45) erg s(-1), and any intrinsic absorption is relatively small. The two-point spectrum of the core emission between radio and X-ray energies has alpha (rx) = 0.75. Since this is a flatter spectrum than seen in other sources where the X-ray emission is presumed to be radio-related, regions close to the active galactic nucleus (AGN) in this source may dominate the central X-ray output, as is believed to be the case for lobe-dominated quasars. Simple unification models would be challenged if this were found to be the case for a large fraction of high-power radio galaxies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1127-1133
Number of pages7
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2001


  • radiation mechanisms : non-thermal
  • galaxies : active
  • galaxies : clusters : individual : 3C 220.1
  • galaxies : individual : 3C 220.1
  • X-rays : galaxies


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