We recently found that insoluble Abeta increases, but soluble Abeta decreases with age in normal brains. We now report the changes in activities of beta-secretase (BACE-1) and Abeta-degrading enzymes with age, and their relationships to concentrations of soluble and insoluble Abeta. We measured BACE-1 activity and the levels and activities of neprilysin (NEP), insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in normal control brains (16 years-95 years). We also compared the measurements to those in AD. BACE-1 activity correlated closely with age in controls and was significantly higher in AD. In controls, NEP and IDE activities (but not protein levels) increased with age but ACE activity and level did not. BACE-1 activity correlated directly with insoluble but inversely with soluble Abeta. IDE activity correlated directly with insoluble Abeta and NEP activity was inversely related to soluble Abeta. ACE level correlated directly with insoluble and inversely with soluble Abeta in controls but not AD. Both Abeta-synthesizing and -degrading enzyme activities increase with age, coinciding with declining soluble Abeta and increasing insoluble Abeta. Further research is needed to establish whether these changes in enzyme activity and Abeta levels are causally related and if so how.
|Translated title of the contribution||Changes with age in the activities of ß-secretase and the Aß-degrading enzymes neprilysin, insulin-degrading enzyme and angiotensin-converting enzyme|
|Pages (from-to)||794 - 802|
|Number of pages||9|
|Early online date||12 Jan 2010|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2010|