Characterisation of a fibre optic Raman probe within a hypodermic needle

Ingeborg Petterson, John Day, Leanne M Fullwood, Benjamin Gardner, Nick Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)
467 Downloads (Pure)


We demonstrate the first use of a multifibre Raman probe that fits inside the bore of a hypodermic needle. A Raman probe containing multiple collection fibres provides improved signal collection efficiency in biological samples
compared with a previous two-fibre design. Furthermore, probe performance (signal-to-noise ratios) compared favourably with the performance achieved in previous Raman microscope experiments able to distinguish between benign
lymph nodes, primary malignancies in lymph nodes and secondary malignancies in lymph nodes. The experimental measurements presented here give an indication of the sampling volume of the Raman needle probe in lymphoid tissues. Liquid tissue phantoms were used that contained scattering medium encompassing a range of scattering properties similar to those of a variety of tissue types, including lymph node tissues. To validate the appropriateness of the phantoms, the sampling depth of the probe was also measured in excised lymph node tissue. More than 50 % of Raman photons collected were found to originate from between the tip of the needle and a depth of 500 μm into the tissue. The needle probe presented here achieves spectral quality comparable to that in numerous studies previously demonstrating Raman disease discrimination. It is expected that this approach could achieve targeted subcutaneous tissue measurements and be viable for
use for the in vivo Raman diagnostics of solid organs located within a few centimetres below the skin’s surface.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8311-8320
Number of pages10
JournalAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sept 2015


  • Non-invasive
  • Diagnostics
  • Needle
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Lymph nodes


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