Characterisation of overloads in fatigue by 2D strain mapping at the surface and in the bulk

P. Lopez-Crespo*, M. Mostafavi, A. Steuwer, J. F. Kelleher, T. Buslaps, P. J. Withers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalSpecial issue (Academic Journal)peer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)
508 Downloads (Pure)


Two complementary experimental techniques have been used to study the evolution of crack-tip strain fields in a thin (plane stress dominated) compact tension sample following a single overload (OL) event. The total strain has been characterised at the surface by digital image correlation (DIC), while the elastic strain field in the bulk (interior) behaviour has been characterised by means of synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD). Surface and bulk information allowed us to visualise the evolution of the strain fields before the OL event, during the OL event, just after it and at various stages after it. Unlike previous work, complete 2D maps of elastic strains around the crack-tip were acquired at 60μm spatial resolution by XRD. The strain data were used to estimate the effective crack driving force at the surface and at the mid plane. The DIC shows less crack opening displacement after overload and the XRD a lower crack-tip peak stress after OL until the crack has grown past the compressive crack-tip residual stress after which the behaviour returned to that for the baseline fatigue response. While the compressive residual stress introduced by the OL offsets the crack-tip stress field as it grows through the overload plastic zone, the changes in crack-tip stress over each cycle are the same before and at all stages after OL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1040-1048
Number of pages9
JournalFatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures
Issue number8
Early online date20 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016

Bibliographical note

Special Issue: Characterisation of crack tip fields 3


  • Linear elastic fracture mechanics
  • crack closure
  • plastic strain
  • bainitic steel
  • effective stress intensity factor


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