Abstract: Background: Genetic mutations and upregulation of growth factors are implicated in the pathogenesis of hyperparathyroidism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of Wilms' tumour suppressor gene (WT-1) and the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis in hyperparathyroidism. Methods: The expression of WT-1 and IGF components was examined by immunohistochemistry, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and western immunoblotting in a panel of parathyroid specimens from both primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism. A human parathyroid cell culture model was established to examine the parathyroid response to IGF stimulation. Results: There was a significantly lower level of WT-1 expression in parathyroid tumours than in normal parathyroid glands. Most tumours expressed IGF-I and IGF-II receptors and responded to IGF stimulation. Only IGF-I was present in normal parathyroid glands, whereas IGF-II was expressed exclusively in parathyroid tumours. Conclusion: Abnormal expression of WT-1 and the IGF axis may play a role in the pathogenesis of hyperparathyroidism.
|Translated title of the contribution||Characterisation of the IGF axis & Wilms' Tumour 1 tumour suppressor gene in hyperparathyroidism|
|Pages (from-to)||1232 - 1241|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||British Journal of Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|