Characterization of a canine CD44 specific monoclonal antibody

S Alldinger, W Baumgartner, E Kremmer, S Fonfara

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

    Abstract

    Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were generated against a CD44 mRNA expressing (RT-I)CR) macrophage/monocyte cell line (DH82) from a dog with malignant histiocytosis. The mAbs, that reacted with DH82 cells by FAGS analysis were tested on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues. Exclusively the incubation of DH82 cell pellets with mAbs from clone 2D10 resulted in a cell membrane associated immunoreaction. Immunoelectron microscopy specified, that the antibody bound exclusively to the cell membrane and processes of DH82 cells. The mAb was tested on a variety of normal canine tissues, including lymphoid, urinary, alimentary, respiratory, and endocrine organs, nervous tissues, Liver, pancreas, skin, and muscles. Furthermore, tumour and inflamed tissues were tested for immunoreaction with the mAb. Immunohistologically, the 2D10 mAb reacted with macrophages/monocytes, subsets of lymphocytes, epithelial cells, and central nervous system white matter. FACS analysis of canine peripheral blood leukocytes showed, that a high proportion of lymphocytes and granulocytes were positive with this mAb. Western blot analysis revealed, that the 2D10 mAb bound to a protein with a molecular weight of about 85 kDa. The results of FAGS and Western blot analyses, RT-PCR immunohistology and immunoelectron microscopy strongly suggest that the antigen detected by the 2D10 mAb is most likely the canine equivalent of human CD44, a cell bound hyaluronan binding proteoglycan.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)19-32
    Number of pages14
    JournalZentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin: Reihe A
    Volume46
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 1999

    Cite this