Charge Generation in Low-Polarity Solvents: Poly(ionic liquid)-Functionalized Particles

Ghulam Hussain, Amy Robinson, Paul Bartlett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


We present a straightforward strategy for the synthesis of highly charged poly(ionic liquid)-functionalized particles in low-polarity solvents. A series of cationic liquid monomers consisting of a tetraalkyl ammonium cation and a fluorinated tetrakis[phenyl] borate anion linked, via a C3-alkyl chain, to a methacrylate unit were synthesized. The addition of this ionic monomer to a conventional dispersion polymerization of methyl methacrylate and methacrylic acid at 80 °C in a mixed dodecane/hexane solvent yielded spherical, highly monodisperse particles with mean diameters of between ?50 and 2500 nm with high electrophoretic mobility and stability in nonpolar solvents such as dodecane. The surface potential in dodecane could be adjusted in the range from 0 to 180 ± 9 mV by altering the ratio of ionic monomer to methacrylate monomers. The particles open up new opportunities for the electrostatic assembly of nanoparticles and organized structures in nonpolar environments.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)4204-4213
Number of pages10
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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