Charging Poly(methyl Methacrylate) Latexes in Nonpolar Solvents: Effect of Particle Concentration

Gregory N. Smith*, Silvia Ahualli, Ángel V. Delgado, David A.J. Gillespie, Roger Kemp, Jocelyn Peach, Jonathan C. Pegg, Sarah E. Rogers, Olga Shebanova, Nathan Smith, Julian Eastoe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
272 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The electrophoresis of a well-established model system of charged colloids in nonpolar solvents has been studied as a function of particle volume fraction at constant surfactant concentration. Dispersions of poly(12-hydroxystearic acid)-stabilized poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) latexes in dodecane were prepared with added Aerosol OT surfactant as the charging agent. The electrophoretic mobility (μ) of the PMMA latexes is found to decrease with particle concentration. The particles are charged by a small molecule charging agent (AOT) at finite concentration, and this makes the origin of this decrease in μ unclear. There are two suggested explanations. The decrease could either be due to the reservoir of available surfactant being exhausted at high particle concentrations or the interactions between the charged particles at high particle number concentrations. Contrast-variation small-angle neutron scattering measurements of PMMA latexes and deuterated AOT-d34 surfactant in latex core contrast-matched solvent were used to study the former, and electrokinetic modeling was used to study the latter. As the same amount of AOT-d34 is found to be incorporated with the latexes at all volume fractions, the solvodynamic and electrical interactions between particles are determined to be the explanation for the decrease in mobility. These measurements show that, for small latexes, there are interactions between the charged particles at all accessible particle volume fractions and that it is necessary to account for this to accurately determine the electrokinetic ζ potential.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13543-13553
Number of pages11
JournalLangmuir
Volume33
Issue number47
Early online date24 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2017

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