CHD3 helicase domain mutations cause a neurodevelopmental syndrome with macrocephaly and impaired speech and language

Lot Snijders Blok, Justine Rousseau, Joanna Twist, Sophie Ehresmann, Motoki Takaku, Hanka Venselaar, Lance H. Rodan, Catherine B. Nowak, Jessica Douglas, Kathryn J. Swoboda, Marcie A. Steeves, Inderneel Sahai, Connie T.R.M. Stumpel, Alexander P.A. Stegmann, Patricia Wheeler, Marcia Willing, Elise Fiala, Aaina Kochhar, William T. Gibson, Ana S.A. CohenRuky Agbahovbe, A. Micheil Innes, P. Y.Billie Au, Julia Rankin, Ilse J. Anderson, Steven A. Skinner, Raymond J. Louie, Hannah E. Warren, Alexandra Afenjar, Boris Keren, Caroline Nava, Julien Buratti, Arnaud Isapof, Diana Rodriguez, Raymond Lewandowski, Jennifer Propst, Ton van Essen, Murim Choi, Sangmoon Lee, Jong H. Chae, Susan Price, Rhonda E. Schnur, Ganka Douglas, Ingrid M. Wentzensen, Christiane Zweier, André Reis, Martin G. Bialer, Christine Moore, Marije Koopmans, Eva H. Brilstra, Glen R. Monroe, Koen L.I. van Gassen, Ellen van Binsbergen, Ruth Newbury-Ecob, Lucy Bownass, Ingrid Bader, Johannes A. Mayr, Saskia B. Wortmann, Kathy J. Jakielski, Edythe A. Strand, Katja Kloth, Tatjana Bierhals, John D. Roberts, Robert M. Petrovich, Shinichi Machida, Hitoshi Kurumizaka, Stefan Lelieveld, Rolph Pfundt, Sandra Jansen, Pelagia Deriziotis, Laurence Faive, Julien Thevenon, Mirna Assoum, Lawrence Shriberg, Tjitske Kleefstra, Han G. Brunner, Paul A. Wade, Simon E. Fisher*, Philippe M. Campeau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)
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Chromatin remodeling is of crucial importance during brain development. Pathogenic alterations of several chromatin remodeling ATPases have been implicated in neurodevelopmental disorders. We describe an index case with a de novo missense mutation in CHD3, identified during whole genome sequencing of a cohort of children with rare speech disorders. To gain a comprehensive view of features associated with disruption of this gene, we use a genotype-driven approach, collecting and characterizing 35 individuals with de novo CHD3 mutations and overlapping phenotypes. Most mutations cluster within the ATPase/helicase domain of the encoded protein. Modeling their impact on the three-dimensional structure demonstrates disturbance of critical binding and interaction motifs. Experimental assays with six of the identified mutations show that a subset directly affects ATPase activity, and all but one yield alterations in chromatin remodeling. We implicate de novo CHD3 mutations in a syndrome characterized by intellectual disability, macrocephaly, and impaired speech and language.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4619
Number of pages12
JournalNature Communications
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2018


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