Chip-to-chip quantum teleportation and multi-photon entanglement in silicon

Daniel Llewellyn, Yunhong Ding, Imad I Faruque, Stefano Paesani, Davide Bacco, Raffaele Santagati, Yan-Jun Qian, Yan Li, Yun-Feng Xiao, Marcus Huber, Mehul Malik, Gary F Sinclair, Xiaoqi Zhou, Karsten Rottwitt, Jeremy L O'Brien, John Rarity, Qihuang Gong, Leif K. Oxenlowe, Jianwei Wang, Mark G Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)
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Integrated optics provides a versatile platform for quantum information processing and transceiving with photons [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8]. The implementation of quantum protocols requires the capability to generate multiple high-quality single photons and process photons with multiple high-fidelity operators [9,10,11]. However, previous experimental demonstrations were faced by major challenges in realizing sufficiently high-quality multi-photon sources and multi-qubit operators in a single integrated system [4,5,6,7,8], and fully chip-based implementations of multi-qubit quantum tasks remain a significant challenge [1,2,3]. Here, we report the demonstration of chip-to-chip quantum teleportation and genuine multipartite entanglement, the core functionalities in quantum technologies, on silicon-photonic circuitry. Four single photons with high purity and indistinguishablity are produced in an array of microresonator sources, without requiring any spectral filtering. Up to four qubits are processed in a reprogrammable linear-optic quantum circuit that facilitates Bell projection and fusion operation. The generation, processing, transceiving and measurement of multi-photon multi-qubit states are all achieved in micrometre-scale silicon chips, fabricated by the complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor process. Our work lays the groundwork for large-scale integrated photonic quantum technologies for communications and computations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-153
Number of pages7
JournalNature Physics
Publication statusPublished - 23 Dec 2019


  • nonlinear optics
  • quantum information
  • quantum optics


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