Chlamydial Pgp3 seropositivity and population attributable fraction among women with tubal 2 factor infertility

Gloria Anyalechi, Jaeyoung Hong, Robert D Kirkcaldy, Harold C Wiesenfeld, Paddy Horner, Gillian Wills, Myra O McClure, Karen R Hammond, Catherine L Haggerty, Dmitry M Kissin, Edward W Hook III, Michael P Steinkampf, Kyle Bernstein, William M Geisler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

Background
Chlamydial infection is associated with tubal factor infertility (TFI); however, assessment of prior chlamydial infection and TFI is imperfect. We previously evaluated a combination of serological assays for association with TFI. We now describe the chlamydial contribution to TFI using a newer Chlamydia trachomatis Pgp3 enhanced serological (Pgp3) assay.

Methods
In our case-control study of women 19–42 years old with hysterosalpingogram-diagnosed TFI (cases) and non-TFI (controls) in two U.S. infertility clinics, we assessed possible associations and effect modifiers between Pgp3 seropositivity and TFI using adjusted odds ratios (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) stratified by race. We then estimated the adjusted chlamydia population attributable fraction (aPAF) with 95% CI of TFI.

Results
All black (n=107) and 618 of 620 non-black women had Pgp3 results. Pgp3 seropositivity was 25.9% (19.3–33.8%) for non-black cases, 15.2% (12.3–18.7%) for non-black controls, 66.0% (95% CI 51.7–77.8%) for black cases, and 71.7% (59.2–81.5%) for black controls. Among 476 non-black women without endometriosis (n=476), Pgp3 was associated with TFI (aOR 2.6 [1.5– 4.4]), adjusting for clinic, age, and income; chlamydia TFI aPAF was 19.8% (95% CI 7.7–32.2%) in these women. Pgp3 positivity was not associated with TFI among non-black women with endometriosis nor among black women (regardless of endometriosis).

Conclusions
Among non-black infertile women without endometriosis in these clinics, 20% of TFI was attributed to chlamydia. Better biomarkers are needed to estimate chlamydia TFI PAF, especially in black women.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSexually Transmitted Diseases
Early online date31 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 Mar 2021

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