Chronic activation of JNK JAK/STAT and oxidative stress signalling causes the loser cell status

Iwo Kucinski, Michael Dinan, Golnar Kolahgar, Eugenia Piddini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)
383 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Cell competition is a form of cell interaction that causes the elimination of less fit cells, or losers, by wild-type (WT) cells, influencing overall tissue health. Several mutations can cause cells to become losers; however, it is not known how. Here we show that Drosophila wing disc cells carrying functionally unrelated loser mutations (Minute and mahjong) display the common activation of multiple stress signalling pathways before cell competition and find that these pathways collectively account for the loser status. We find that JNK signalling inhibits the growth of losers, while JAK/STAT signalling promotes competition-induced winner cell proliferation. Furthermore, we show that losers display oxidative stress response activation and, strikingly, that activation of this pathway alone, by Nrf2 overexpression, is sufficient to prime cells for their elimination by WT neighbours. Since oxidative stress and Nrf2 are linked to several diseases, cell competition may occur in a number of pathological conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number136
Number of pages13
JournalNature Communications
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2017

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