Chronic depression of hypothalamic paraventricular neuronal activity produces sustained hypotension in hypertensive rats

Vera Geraldes, Nataniel Gonçalves-Rosa, Beihui Liu, Julian F R Paton, Isabel Rocha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Changes in the sympathetic nervous system are responsible for the initiation, development and maintenance of hypertension. An important central sympathoexcitatory region is the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus, which may become more active in hypertensive conditions, as shown in acute studies previously. Our objective was to depress PVN neuronal activity chronically by the overexpression of an inwardly rectifying potassium channel (hKir2.1), while evaluating the consequences on blood pressure (BP) and its reflex regulation. In spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and Wistar rats (WKY) lentiviral vectors (LVV-hKir2.1; LV-TREtight-Kir-cIRES-GFP5 4 × 10(9) IU and LV-Syn-Eff-G4BS-Syn-Tetoff 6.2 × 10(9) IU in a ratio 1:4) were stereotaxically microinjected bilaterally into the PVN. Sham-treated SHRs and WKY received bilateral PVN microinjections of LVV-eGFP (LV-Syn-Eff-G4BS-Syn-Tetoff 6.2 × 10(9) IU and LV-TREtight-GFP 5.7 × 10(9) IU in a ratio 1:4). Blood pressure was monitored continuously by radio-telemetry and evaluated over 75 days. Baroreflex gain was evaluated using phenylephrine (25 μg ml(-1), i.v.), whereas lobeline (25 μg ml(-1), i.v.) was used to stimulate peripheral chemoreceptors. In SHRs but not normotensive WKY rats, LVV-hKir2.1 expression in the PVN produced time-dependent and significant decreases in systolic (from 158 ± 3 to 132 ± 6 mmHg; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-100
Number of pages12
JournalExperimental Physiology
Volume99
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

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