Cigarette smoking and depression: a question of causation

MR Munafo, R Araya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)


Cigarette smokers frequently describe the anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of smoking, but evidence suggests that cigarette smoking may itself increase negative affect, so that the causal direction of this association remains unclear. Although increasingly sophisticated analyses of epidemiological data may help to answer this question, observational data can never unequivocally provide evidence of causation. Here we discuss the potential utility of genetic information in determining the causal basis of the relationship of cigarette smoking and depression.
Translated title of the contributionCigarette smoking and depression: a question of causation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425 - 426
Number of pages2
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010


Dive into the research topics of 'Cigarette smoking and depression: a question of causation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this