Circular path and linear momentum method for seismic response analysis of vehicles

Rishi Ram Parajuli*, Junji Kiyono

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

154 Downloads (Pure)


We propose a circular path and linear momentum method for the seismic response analysis of vehicles. This method considers the momentum induced by earthquake excitation and applies the concept of centripetal force acting laterally on the vehicle in addition to longitudinal forces. This method is valid for vehicles at rest as well as those moving at a range of speeds. The vertical responses are calculated using a quarter vehicle model. We also calculate the translational motion of the vehicle using a model with six degrees of freedom. Three vehicle types (car, bus, and truck) were used in the analysis. We compared the result with analysis of the response of a shaking vehicle from video footage recorded during the Gorkha earthquake. We used the input ground motion from 10 large earthquakes of moment magnitudes 6.7–9.0. All three components of the ground motion were used in the analysis. Vehicles at rest and moving at various speeds were analyzed. The lateral and longitudinal responses of the vehicles were calculated for different vehicle speeds ranging from 0 to 30.0 m/s, PGA excitations and orientations of the vehicle.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16
Number of pages13
JournalFrontiers in Built Environment
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2016


  • Computational method
  • Driving safety
  • Earthquake risk
  • Seismic response analysis
  • Vehicle dynamics


Dive into the research topics of 'Circular path and linear momentum method for seismic response analysis of vehicles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this