Circulating adiponectin and leptin and risk of overall and aggressive prostate cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Anya J Burton*, Rebecca Gilbert, Kate M Tilling, Ryan J Langdon, Jenny L Donovan , Richard M Martin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

Introduction: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of advanced, recurrent and fatal prostate cancer. Adipokines may mediate this relationship.

Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of associations of leptin and adiponectin with overall and aggressive prostate cancer. Bibliographic databases were systematically searched up to 1st April 2017. Log Odds Ratios (ORs) per 2.5 unit increase in adiponectin or leptin levels were derived and pooled. All analyses were stratified by study type (cross-sectional/prospective).

Results: 746 papers were retrieved, 34 eligible studies identified, 31 of these could be included in the meta-analysis. Leptin was not consistently associated with overall prostate cancer (pooled OR 1.00, 95%CI 0.98-1.02, per 2.5ng/ml increase, prospective study OR 0.97, 95%CI 0.95-0.99, cross-sectional study OR 1.19, 95%CI 1.13-1.26) and there was weak evidence of a positive association with aggressive disease (OR 1.03, 95%CI 1.00-1.06). There was also weak evidence of a small inverse association of adiponectin with overall prostate cancer (OR 0.96, 95%CI 0.93-0.99, per 2.5µg/ml increase), but less evidence of an association with aggressive disease (OR 0.98, 95%CI 0.94-1.01).

Conclusions: The magnitude of any effects are small, therefore levels of circulating adiponectin or leptin alone are unlikely to be useful biomarkers of risk or prognosis.
Original languageEnglish
Article number320
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • prostate cancer
  • adiponectin
  • leptin
  • adiposity
  • systematic review
  • meta-analysis

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