Classroom interaction and the development of empowerment

Malcolm Reed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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What is the practical pedagogic value of the zone of proximal development? How might we draw from the writings of Vygotsky and Leontiev with regard to understanding the process of children and young people’s development as socialized intellectual beings? This article applies cultural-historical theory to classroom activity in order to reveal the potential for dynamic change in subjectivity, agency, cooperation and collaboration. After a detailed theoretical contextualization which links primary sources and the cultural-historical tradition to learning and development through classroom activity, an incident in a lesson is discussed and situated in its wider narrative of practical experimentation, diagnosis and implementation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-21
Number of pages15
JournalNuances: Estudos sobre Educação
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

This article was published in English and Portuguese, but only half of the article was included. Despite having requested repeatedly proper publication from the editors this has not happened. Please use the attached pdf in English as the full and intended version.


  • Activity in the classroom
  • Cultural-historical theory
  • Subjectivity


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