### Abstract

A substantial proportion of all dynamic models arising naturally present themselves initially in the form of a system of second-order ordinary differential equations. Despite this, the established wisdom is that a system of first-order equations should be used as a standard form in which to cast the equations characterising every dynamic system and that the set of complex numbers, and its algebra, should be used in dynamic calculations - particularly in the frequency domain. This paper proposes that for any dynamic model occurring naturally in second order form, it is both intuitively and computationally sensible not to transform the model into state-space form. It proposes instead that the Clifford Algebra, Cl2, be used in the representation and manipulation of this system. The attractions of this algebra are indicated in three contexts: 1) the concept of similarity transformations for second-order systems, 2) the solution for characteristic roots of self-adjoint systems and 3) model-reduction for finite element models.

Translated title of the contribution | Clifford algebraic perspective on second-order linear systems |
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Original language | English |

Pages (from-to) | 35 - 45 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Journal | Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics |

Volume | 24 |

Issue number | 1 |

Publication status | Published - Jan 2001 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics## Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Clifford algebraic perspective on second-order linear systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

## Cite this

Garvey, SD., Friswell, MI., & Penny, JET. (2001). Clifford algebraic perspective on second-order linear systems.

*Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics*,*24*(1), 35 - 45.