BACKGROUND: Recent advances in methods used for deep brain stimulation (DBS) include subthalamic nucleus electrode implantation in the "asleep" patient without the traditional use of microelectrode recordings or intraoperative test stimulation.
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical outcome of patients who have undergone "asleep" DBS for the treatment of Parkinson disease using robot-assisted electrode delivery.
METHODS: This is a retrospective review of clinical outcomes of 152 consecutive patients. Their outcomes at 1 yr postimplantation are reported; these include Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) assessment, Tinetti Mobility Test, Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ)-39 quality of life assessment, Mattis Dementia Rating Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and Beck Anxiety. We also report on a new parietal trajectory for electrode implantation.
RESULTS: A total of 152 patients underwent assessment at 1 yr. UPDRS III improved from 39 to 20.5 (47%, P < .001). The total UPDRS score improved from 67.6 to 36.4 (46%, P < .001). UPDRS II scores improved from 18.9 to 10.5 (44%, P < .001) and UPDRS IV scores improved from 7.1 to 3.6 (49%, P < .001). There was a significant reduction in levodopa equivalent daily dose after surgery (mean: 35%, P < .001). PDQ-39 summary index improved by a mean of 7.1 points. There was no significant difference found in clinical outcomes between the frontal and parietal approaches.
CONCLUSION: "Asleep" robot-assisted DBS of the subthalamic nucleus demonstrates comparable outcomes with traditional techniques in the treatment of Parkinson disease.