Clinical study investigating abrasive effects of three toothpastes and water in an in situ model

E MacDonald, A North, B Maggio, F Sufi, S Mason, C Moore, M Addy, NX West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This in situ study compared the abrasive effect of repeated brushings (over 10 days) of a low relative abrasive dentine (RDA) toothpaste with moderate and high relative abrasive dentine (RDA) toothpastes, on human dentine in situ.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study design was single centre, single blind, randomized, split mouth, two period, four-treatment cross-over, in situ study in 20 healthy subjects. Subjects wore bi-lateral lower buccal appliances each fitted with four dentine sections with treatment applied with a power toothbrush, during each 10 day study period. Samples were measured at baseline, day 5 and day 10 by contact profilometry, and baseline and day 10 with non-contact profilometry.

RESULTS: Nineteen subjects were included in the efficacy analysis. Results as measured by contact and non-contact profilometry from brushing with the moderate RDA paste and high RDA paste showed significantly (p<0.0001) more abrasion to dentine than brushing with the low RDA paste or water after 10 days. Dentine loss following tooth brushing with the low RDA paste was not significantly different from brushing with water, after 10 days.

CONCLUSIONS: The methodology successfully showed clear differentiation between the amount of dentine lost following toothbrushing with the low RDA paste compared to the moderate or high RDA pastes. Dentine loss following brushing with the low RDA paste showed a comparable degree of abrasion to brushing with water.

Translated title of the contributionClinical study investigating abrasive effects of three toothpastes and water in an in situ model
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509 - 516
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Volume38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

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