Collaborative carbon emission reduction in supply chains: An evolutionary game-theoretic study

Bangdong Zhi, Xiaohong Liu*, Junlin Chen, Fu Jia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
330 Downloads (Pure)


This paper employs an emerging phenomenon in China concerning collaborative carbon emission reduction (CCER) to investigate: firstly, the coordination of suppliers and manufacturers within supply chains to reduce carbon emissions, and secondly, the role of governmental policy in facilitating this process.
This paper draws upon evolutionary game theory (EGT) to develop an evolutionary game model for CCER for suppliers and manufacturers within supply chains. This includes a detailed analysis of the evolutionary direction and process in different areas, both with, and in the absence of, governmental subsidies.
The results demonstrate that CCER is path dependent and that its evolutionary process is influenced by the following four factors: (1) the initial status within supply chains; (2) the cost; (3) the additional benefit; and (4) the investment risk related to CCER. The research also reveals that the reward provided by manufacturers is rational over the long term, due to the excessive cost of incentives potentially preventing the implementation of CCER.
This study represents the first attempt to investigate CCER within supply chains through the application of an evolutionary game-theoretic model. The investigation of multiple factors in the model will deepen understanding of the collaborative role required for the carbon emission reduction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1087-1107
Number of pages21
JournalManagement Decision
Issue number4
Early online date2 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - 18 Apr 2019


  • Collaborative carbon emission reduction
  • Evolutionary game theory
  • Governmental policy
  • Supply chains


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