Collision of vortex-rings upon V-walls

T. H. New*, J. Long, B. Zang, Shengxian Shi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

A study on Re=2000 and 4000 vortex rings colliding with V-walls with included angles of θ=30∘ to 120 ∘ has been conducted. Along the valley plane, higher Reynolds numbers and/or included angles of θ⩽60∘ lead to secondary/tertiary vortex-ring cores leapfrogging past the primary vortex-ring cores. The boundary layers upstream of the latter separate and the secondary/tertiary vortex-ring cores pair up with these wall-separated vortices to form small daisy-chained vortex dipoles. Along the orthogonal plane, primary vortex-ring cores grow bulbous and incoherent after collisions, especially as the included angle reduces. Secondary and tertiary vortex-ring core formations along this plane also lag those along the valley plane, indicating that they form by propagating from the wall surfaces to the orthogonal plane as the primary vortex ring gradually comes into contact with the entire V-wall. Circulation results show significant variations between the valley and orthogonal plane, and reinforce the notion that the collision behaviour for θ⩽60∘ is distinctively different from those at larger included angles. Vortex-core trajectories are compared to those for inclined-wall collisions, and secondary vortex-ring cores are found to initiate earlier for the V-walls, postulated to be a result of the opposing circumferential flows caused by the simultaneous collisions of both primary vortex-ring cores with the V-wall surfaces. These circumferential flows produce a bi-helical flow mode (Lim, Exp. Fluids, vol. 7, issue 7, 1989, pp. 453–463) that sees higher vortex compression levels along the orthogonal plane, which limit vortex stretching along the wall surfaces and produce secondary vortex rings earlier. Lastly, vortex structures and behaviour of the present collisions are compared to those associated with flat/inclined walls and round-cylinder-based collisions for a more systematic understanding of their differences.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA2
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Volume899
Early online date14 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Vortex rings
  • V-wall impingement
  • Vortex dynamics

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