Due to increases in computational power, the finite-element (FE) method is now widely used to predict the thermal, material, and mechanical effects of welding. Welding simulations can provide important information about component distortions and residual stresses. This facilitates a reduction in lead-time and cost associated with the process planning. Moreover, welding is generally performed in combination with other manufacturing processes such as stress relief heat treatment. This article presents a simple method where welding and post weld heat treatment operations are combined using an uncoupled plasticity-creep model. Two FE codes, welding-function- specific SYSWELD and the general-purpose FE package, ABAQUS, were used to perform butt joint welding and post weld heat treatment simulations of two Inconel 718 plates. The predicted results obtained from the two FE codes, such as thermal histories, residual stresses, nodal displacements, and stress relaxation, are compared. Based on the results presented, some useful benchmarking comments on the use of the two FE codes for welding simulation are given.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
- residual stress
- post weld heat treatment
- butt joint
- welding simulation