Community readiness for adolescents’ overweight and obesity prevention is low in urban South Africa: a case study

Rebecca Pradeilles, Emily, K Rousham, Shane Norris, Jo Kesten, Paula L. Griffiths

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
272 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: South Africa is undergoing epidemiological and nutrition transitions with associated increases in the
incidence of overweight, obesity and diet-related chronic diseases. With the emergence of the nutrition transition in
South Africa, there is an urgent need for interventions to prevent overweight and obesity in children and adolescents
as risk factors for chronic diseases in adolescence may track throughout later life. This research explored the potential
for faith-based organisations (FBOs) to be used as community organisations for overweight and obesity prevention
interventions in adolescents by assessing the readiness of religious leaders to engage in such interventions.
Methods: Surveys and focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted with 51 religious leaders in Johannesburg and
Soweto. The Community Readiness Model (CRM) survey was chosen to determine the stage of readiness of this
community regarding overweight and obesity prevention. Six different dimensions were assessed in the CRM
(community efforts, knowledge of efforts, leadership, community climate, knowledge of the issue, resources). The
surveys were scored according to the CRM protocol. The survey data were supplemented with findings from FGDs.
Thematic analysis was used to analyse the FGDs.
Results: The mean community readiness score was 2.57 ± 0.76 which equates with the “denial/resistance stage”. The
mean readiness score for resources was the highest of all the dimensions (3.77 ± 0.28), followed by knowledge of the
issue (3.20 ± 0.51). The lowest score was seen for community knowledge of efforts (1.77 ± 1.50), followed by
community climate (2.00 ± 0.64). FGDs helped interpret the CRM scores. FGDs showed that religious leaders were
enthusiastic and recognised that their role was not limited solely to spiritual guidance and mentoring, but also to
physical well-being.
Conclusions: Religious leaders recognised that they act as role models within the community and thus have a role to
play in improving adolescent health. They have some knowledge about the overweight/obesity issue and some of the
resources could be made available to support overweight/obesity prevention-related initiatives. However, the low
community knowledge of efforts and the negative prevailing attitude of the community towards overweight and
obesity highlight the need to increase awareness of this issue prior to implementing initiatives on overweight and
obesity prevention.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume16
Issue number763
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Aug 2016

Keywords

  • South Africa
  • Adolescents
  • Overweight
  • Obesity
  • Church-based interventions
  • Community readiness
  • Urban

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