Comparing and integrating methods of design activity documentation across synchronous and asynchronous modes of collaborative work

N. L. Eng*, R. H. Bracewell, P. J. Clarkson, M. D. Giess, C. A. McMahon, A. P. Conway, W. J. Ion

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Longer lifecycles and a shifting industrial focus from simple product delivery to through-life support have increased the need to retain organisational knowledge for the duration of product lifecycles and beyond. This fragmentation of work across time and organizations buries organizational understanding of design processes and of the underpinning design rationale in many disparate representations. Further, existing report-based documentary practices tend to omit key information which could compromise an engineer's ability to comprehend and reuse this information in addition to requiring significant additional authoring work. Emerging approaches to documentation are discussed and compared as cognitive technologies in a snowmobile drive shaft example. One design episode is assisted by interactively documenting decisions in an IBIS-based tool whose output forms the record. Another is passively documented via an activity-modelling approach and media-enhanced records. This work provides examples of situating discussions about engineering design documentation practices and describes improvements for further development and testing of both the activity-modelling and media-enhanced records and the IBIS-based approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of NordDesign 2008 Conference
Pages243-252
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2008
EventNordDesign 2008 Conference - Tallinn, United Kingdom
Duration: 21 Aug 200823 Aug 2008

Conference

ConferenceNordDesign 2008 Conference
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityTallinn
Period21/08/0823/08/08

Keywords

  • Cognitive dimensions of notation
  • CSCW
  • Design rationale editor (DRed)
  • Documentation
  • EXtensible stylesheet language transformation (XSLT)
  • Media enhanced minuting system (MEMS)

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