Comparison of low velocity impact modelling techniques for thermoplastic and thermoset polymer composites

X. C. Sun*, L. F. Kawashita, A. S. Kaddour, M. J. Hiley, S. R. Hallett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
227 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper presents comparisons between experimental and numerical studies of low-velocity impact damage for thermoplastic (IM7/PEEK) and thermoset (IMS65/MTM) carbon fibre reinforced composites. The experiments were conducted at two key impact energies (8 and 30 J) under identical conditions allowing a systematic comparison to be made. Three LS-DYNA Finite Element Analysis (FEA) models (standard, continuum damage mechanics (CDM) and discrete) were implemented, all using cohesive interface elements for delamination. The role of Mode II fracture toughness is highlighted. The predictive capabilities of different modelling techniques are compared and discussed and the CDM model gave better correlation with experiments. Fibre failure was predicted by the numerical approaches. The thermoplastic materials did not show noticeably superior behaviour to the thermoset materials and were governed by unstable delamination damage propagation for the same impact energy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)659-671
Number of pages13
JournalComposite Structures
Volume203
Early online date17 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Composite
  • Finite Element Analysis (FEA)
  • Low-velocity impact
  • Thermoplastic
  • Thermoset

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